Q.1 In which of the following planting system 4 plants are planted in a square, where plant to plant & row to row distance remains same & the plants are planted at a right angle to each other? (IBPS AFO 2019-20)
- Square system
- Hexagonal system
- Rectangular system
- Triangular system
- Quincunx system
Ans. Square system
SYSTEM OF PLANTING
The system of planting to be adopted is selected after considering the slope of land, purpose of utilizing the orchard space, convenience etc.
Generally, 6 systems of planting are recommended for fruit trees.
1) Square system (IBPS AFO 2019-20)
2) Rectangular system
3) Triangular system
4) Hexagonal system
5) Quincunx system
6) Contour system
1. Square system (IBPS AFO 2019-20)
This system is considered to be the simplest of all the systems and is adopted widely.
In this system, the plot is divided into squares and trees are planted at the four corners of the square, in straight rows running at right angles (at 90ᵒ).
Here, the distance from the plant to plant and row to row remains the same. (IBPS AFO 2019-20)
Four adjacent plants of two rows form a square.
Easy to layout and permits cross cultivation.
The only defect is the presence of vacant space in the centre till the plants grow up sufficiently.
Under this system, intercultural operations, spraying, harvesting etc., can be done conveniently and easily.
Planting of quick-growing fruit trees like papaya, banana, guava during the early life of the orchard is possible.
Rising of inter-crops like vegetables, ginger, turmeric, cumin, coriander and such other spices can be done conveniently cultivation and irrigation can be done in two directions.
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